What Causes Scalp Psoriasis
Psoriasis has the same cause, no matter where it forms. It develops when a persons immune system malfunctions and tells skin cells to grow too quickly. New skin cells form in days rather than weeks.
The body does not shed these excess skin cells. The skin cells pile up on the surface of the skin, causing patches of psoriasis to appear. This process ultimately leads to the redness and flaking on the scalp.
Is Scalp Psoriasis Curable
Scalp psoriasis does not have a full cure yet, but some treatments can help reduce and prevent flare-ups. While there is not a cure, your scalp requires continuous treatment to prevent severe damage and hair loss. When using Mereltäs treatment continuously, you can reduce your symptoms while treating your scalp and promoting hair growth that will make you forget that your scalp psoriasis was ever there.
What Are The Symptoms Of Psoriasis
The following are the most common symptoms of psoriasis. Psoriasis comes in several forms and severities. Symptoms may include:
Plaque psoriasis. This type of psoriasis is the most common. Symptoms may include patches of red, raised skin on the trunk, arms, legs, knees, elbows, genitals, and scalp. Nails may also thicken, become pitted, and separate from the nail beds.
Guttate psoriasis. This type of psoriasis affects mostly children. Symptoms may include many small spots of red, raised skin. A sore throat usually proceeds the onset of this type of psoriasis.
Pustular psoriasis. Symptoms may include small pustules all over the body or just on the palms, soles, and other small areas.
The symptoms of psoriasis may look like other skin conditions. Always talk with your healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
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At Least Its Nothing Serious Right
While psoriasis might come off as just a skin condition, its much more than skin-deep. Psoriasis is a systemic disease, not just a skin disease, says , M.D., a dermatologist in NYC. Its associated with an increase in inflammation in the body, which is a risk factor for heart disease. Its also associated with metabolic syndrome, which includes high blood pressure, obesity, high blood lipids, and insulin resistance. It also has links to other conditions that can be quite serious. About 30% of people with psoriasis also develop psoriatic arthritis, which can lead to pain, stiffness, and deformities of their joints, Weatherall says. People with psoriasis are also twice as likely to become depressed than those without, according to the National Psoriasis Foundation, because of the way flare-ups can affect self-esteem, relationships, ability to sleep, and quality of life.
How Long Does It Take For Plaque Psoriasis To Heal
Although research is promising, doctors cannot yet cure psoriasis. Once a person has had a psoriasis flare, they are likely to have another one.
Patches of psoriasis may clear up after a few months, or they may stay the same, get bigger, or spread across the body. In some people, psoriasis will disappear and not return for years.
Treatment can help reduce the frequency of flares and the severity of symptoms.
People who find that environmental factors trigger their flares can often reduce flare frequency by controlling these triggers, which may include stress or allergies.
Psoriasis has a characteristic appearance that most doctors quickly recognize.
If a doctor suspects psoriasis but is unsure, they may perform a skin biopsy to rule out other causes. The biopsy will involve taking a sample of affected skin and examining it under a microscope.
Treatment depends on the severity of psoriasis. Some people can control their symptoms by avoiding triggers and using over-the-counter corticosteroid creams.
People with moderate or severe psoriasis may need medication to control their symptoms. A wide range of medications is available, including:
Other treatment strategies include:
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Home Treatment For Psoriasis
There are some home remedies that may help minimize outbreaks or reduce symptoms of psoriasis:
- Exposure to sunlight.
- Apply moisturizers after bathing to keep skin soft.
- Avoid irritating cosmetics or soaps.
- Do not scratch to the point you cause bleeding or excessive irritation.
- Over-the-counter cortisone creams can reduce itching of mild psoriasis.
A dermatologist may prescribe an ultraviolet B unit and instruct the patient on home use.
Is Scalp Psoriasis Contagious
One common misconception about scalp psoriasis is that it is contagious. On the contrary, it is an autoimmune disease, so you cannot catch it from another person. Scientists believe that those with a family history of scalp psoriasis are more likely to contract it. If left untreated, it could result in serious hair loss, pain, and, in some cases, even arthritis. To prevent further symptoms, there are plenty of treatments on the market. One effective treatment is seen in the natural benefits of Mereltä, which contains its natural, plant-based ingredients. It soothes the itchy, flaky patches of skin caused by scalp psoriasis through its moisturizing and nourishing formula applied directly to your scalp.
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Isnt There A Prescription That Cures It
Oh sure, theres a miraculous cure that you just havent bothered to try! Sigh. We do not currently have a cure for psoriasis, Weatherall confirms. There are, however, treatments that can be very effective when you and your doctor find the right combination, which may include topicals, , oral medications, and systemic biologic treatments, as well as integrative medicine . In recent years the biologic therapies have proved to be very effective for moderate to severe psoriasis patients and have been a real breakthrough in treatment, she adds. Many people can reach long-lasting remission and stay clear on the therapies we do currently have and have an excellent quality of life while living with this disease.
Visit the National Psoriasis Foundation atpsoriasis.orgfor more information on managing your psoriasis.
How Psoriasis Is Diagnosed
A GP can often diagnose psoriasis based on the appearance of your skin.
In rare cases, a small sample of skin called a biopsy will be sent to the laboratory for examination under a microscope.
You may be referred to a specialist in diagnosing and treating skin conditions if your doctor is uncertain about your diagnosis, or if your condition is severe.
If your doctor suspects you have psoriatic arthritis, which is sometimes a complication of psoriasis, you may be referred to a doctor who specialises in arthritis .
You may have blood tests to rule out other conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, and X-rays of the affected joints may be taken.
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What Kind Of Doctor Treats Psoriasis
There are several types of doctors who may treat psoriasis. Dermatologists specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of skin disorders, including psoriasis. Rheumatologists specialize in the treatment of joint disorders, including psoriatic arthritis. Family physicians, internal medicine physicians, rheumatologists, dermatologists, and other medical doctors may all be involved in the care and treatment of patients with psoriasis.
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What Causes Psoriasis Outbreaks
Psoriasis outbreaks differ from person to person. No one knows exactly what causes flare-ups. Common psoriasis triggers may include:
- Skin injury .
- Streptococcal or other infection that affects the immune system.
- Certain prescription medications .
- Cold weather, when people have less exposure to sunlight and humidity and more to hot, dry indoor air.
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Do I Have Psoriasis Or Seborrheic Dermatitis
Its easy to confuse these two scalp conditions. Sometimes they overlap, and theyre often treated similarly. But the causes and severity of the conditions differ.
Seborrheic dermatitis flares up because of a yeast that lives on the oils in the skin. The yeast causes mild irritation, redness, flaking, and itching. Usually, it occurs at the back of the scalp. Other times, seborrheic dermatitis shows up as red, scaly areas in the eyebrows, around the nose, in the ear, or behind the ears.
Seborrheic dermatitis responds well to treatment and heals temporarily. But the yeast never goes away completely, and the oil your skin produces is unchangeable. So when it eventually comes back, you have to treat it again.
Psoriasis is more severe. Youll notice similar, yet more intense, symptoms such as red, irritated, dry, flaky, itching skin.
Since no one treatment is effective for everyone, find a dermatologist that will work to find the best solution to your psoriasis symptoms. Whether its a pill or topical medication, theres a treatment that will work for you.
Myth #: Psoriasis Is Preventable
Psoriasis often begins in early adulthood but can also start later in life. The condition often comes and goes, becoming more serious and then less so. The condition is not contagious and usually occurs on a few areas of skin, but it can cover large areas of the body in severe cases. Anyone can develop psoriasis, but you’re more likely to have psoriasis if someone in your family has the disease. Dr. Chow stated that this is a hereditary disease. Having a severe infection like HIV, or reoccurring infections like strep throat may trigger an attack or cause severe symptoms.The exact cause of psoriasis is still unknown, but it’s thought to be related to an immune system problem with cells in the body. These factors can increase a persons risk for the disease:
- Family history
Psoriasis usually starts or gets worse because of a specific trigger, such as an infection, skin injury, stress, cold weather, drinking alcohol, smoking and some medications.
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What Kind Of Doctor Should I See For My Psoriasis
A dermatologist is an expert in skin, so thats a good place to start. Even better, there are derms who specialize in the treatment of this particular skin condition, which can boost your chances of a better outcome. The National Psoriasis Foundation offers a list of specialists that you can search by city.
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So Psoriasis Cant Be Contagious Sexually Or Through Kissing
Say it louder for the people in the back: Whether it shows up on the scalp, face, hands, feet, or genitals, psoriasis is never contagious . If your boo has psoriasis, dont sweat it you can smooch or bang it out without stress.
But is that rash really psoriasis, though? Psoriasis can often be confused with contagious conditions like these:
- Dermatophytosis . The red, circular rash of this contagious fungal infection is sometimes mistaken for psoriasis, especially the inverse type.
- Secondary syphilis. The highly contagious second stage of syphilis is sometimes mistaken for psoriasis, especially guttate psoriasis. Its characterized by a scaly, red rash plus swollen lymph nodes and fever.
- Herpessimplex virus. With its red, itchy sores, psoriasis on the genitals sometimes looks a lot like herpes. Herpes tends to be more blister-like, but always visit a doc to be sure.
- Varicella zoster virus aka shingles. Shingles, which is caused by the same virus that causes chickenpox, sometimes looks like psoriasis. Though shingles isnt transmissible, someone with shingles can give someone else chickenpox, according to the CDC.
If you think you may have psoriasis or another skin condition, visit a doctor for a complete diagnosis.
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What Are Possible Complications Of Psoriasis
In some cases, psoriasis also causes arthritis. This is known as psoriatic arthritis. It causes pain, swelling, and stiffness in the joints. Psoriasis can raise your risk for diabetes, heart disease, and lymphoma. People with psoriasis are also more likely to have emotional stress and depression. Severe psoriasis can lead to erythroderma. In that condition, the skin all over the body is red and inflamed.
What Is Psoriasis Symptoms Causes Diagnosis Treatment And Prevention
Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease that causes plaques, which are itchy or sore patches of thick, dry, discolored skin.
While any part of your body can be affected, psoriasis plaques most often develop on the elbows, knees, scalp, back, face, palms, and feet.
Like other autoinflammatory diseases, psoriasis occurs when your immune system which normally attacks infectious germs begins to attack healthy cells instead.
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How To Treat Nail Fungus
There are many topical antifungal creams, liquids, and ointments available in the market. In severe cases, your doctor may prescribe antifungal pills such as fluconazole, griseofulvin, terbinafine, itraconazole, etc. Sometimes, a doctor may suggest the removal of the infected nail to avoid the spread of the fungus.
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Treatments Your Physician May Prescribe
There are many prescription-strength treatments that are helpful at controlling psoriasis. For mild or moderate cases, medicines applied directly to the skin may be prescribed:
- The mainstay of therapy for psoriasis is topical steroids, either in creams or ointment form. Higher-potency topical steroids are used for the body or scalp, and lower-potency topical steroids are best for the face and skinfold areas. Steroid solutions or liquids can be used on the scalp. Use should be limited to 14 weeks at a time because long-term use of steroids can lead to stretch marks and thinning of the skin.
- Calcipotriene is a vitamin D derivative cream that works as well as steroids, and it is even more effective when combined with topical steroids.
- Tazarotene is a vitamin A-based cream that may be prescribed. Women of childbearing age should be counseled to avoid pregnancy while using tazarotene because this treatment may cause birth defects.
- Topical immunosuppressants such as tacrolimus and pimecrolimus may also be used, but they can cause skin burning and itching and are expensive. These treatments may possibly increase your risk for skin cancer and lymphoma.
- Coal tar-based therapies and anthralin creams are sometimes used, but they are used less frequently than other treatments because they have an odor, cause skin irritation, and can stain clothing and because neither is any more effective than calcipotriene.
For more extensive psoriasis:
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What Causes Psoriasis And Is It Contagious
Psoriasis is an autoimmune disorder marked by inflammation of the skin. People with psoriasis develop thick patches of white and red scales on the skin, known as lesions. These lesions may appear anywhere on the body wherever there is inflammation, but they tend to affect the knees, scalp, and elbows the most. Many people often wonder whether Psoriasis is contagious and if it is possible to transmit this skin condition to others by touching the lesions. Heres everything you need to know about the causes of psoriasis and if it is contagious.
Is There A Difference Between Eczema And Psoriasis
Even though both conditions appear as red, scaly patches, eczema and psoriasis are not the same. Eczema can be found in the folds of the skin, like behind the knees and elbows, while psoriasis appears on the outside of those same areas.
Eczema patches have exaggerated skin lines, and the scales are thin with possible blisters. Cracking and weeping of the skin are more common in these areas.
Psoriasis, on the other hand, appears as well-defined plaques. The scales are thicker, stacked on top of each other, and turn extremely red. Occasionally, theyll crack and bleed.
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Problems With The Immune System
Your immune system is your body’s defence against disease and it helps fight infection. One of the main types of cell used by the immune system is called a T-cell.
T-cells normally travel through the body to detect and fight invading germs, such as bacteria. But in people with psoriasis, they start to attack healthy skin cells by mistake.
This causes the deepest layer of skin to produce new skin cells more quickly than usual, triggering the immune system to produce more T-cells.
It’s not known what exactly causes this problem with the immune system, although certain genes and environmental triggers may play a role.
What Are Psoriasis Triggers
Its important to understand your specific psoriasis triggers, Dr. Wassef says. Despite a great treatment plan, if you are still getting exposed to your psoriasis triggers, you will still flare, she notes. Finding and eliminating your triggers can help decrease the amount of medicine you use and limit the number of flares you have.
You may need to do some detective work to figure out your triggers, but keeping a journal that documents your symptoms, the timing of your flare, the weather conditions, your diet, and stress levels may help you pinpoint specific triggers if you have any. Not everybody with psoriasis can link their flares to certain triggers, Dr. Agbai says. In those individuals, genetic predisposition is thought to be the primary cause.
Psoriasis triggers include1:
- Smoking or chronically being exposed to secondhand smoke
- Suddenly discontinuing an oral or systemic corticosteroids
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How Is Psoriasis Diagnosed And Treated
Psoriasis often has a typical appearance that a primary care doctor can recognize, but it can be confused with other skin diseases , so a dermatologist is often the best doctor to diagnose it. The treatment of psoriasis usually depends on how much skin is affected, how bad the disease is , or the location . Treatments range from creams and ointments applied to the affected areas to ultraviolet light therapy to drugs . Many people who have psoriasis also have serious health conditions such as diabetes, heart disease, and depression. Some people with psoriasis also have an inflammatory condition which affects their joints, called psoriatic arthritis.
Psoriatic arthritis has many of the same symptoms as other types of arthritis, so a rheumatologist is often the best doctor to diagnose it. The treatment of psoriatic arthritis usually involves the use of drugs .
Psoriatic disease may be treated with drugs or a combination of drugs and creams or ointments.