What Type Of Psoriasis Treatment Will I Need
Several treatment options can relieve psoriasis. Creams or ointments may be enough to improve the rash in small areas of skin. If the rash affects larger areas, or you also have joint pain, you may need other treatments. Joint pain may be a sign that you have arthritis.
Your provider will decide on a treatment plan based on:
- Severity of the rash.
- Vitamin A or retinoid creams.
Steroid Creams Or Ointments
Topical steroids are other commonly used treatments. They work by reducing inflammation. They are easy to use and may be a good treatment for difficult areas such as the scalp and face. However, one problem with steroids is that in some cases, once you stop using the cream or ointment, the psoriasis may come back worse than it was in the first place. Only milder steroid creams or ointments should be used on your face or for psoriasis affecting flexures. See the separate leaflet called Topical Steroids for more information on how to use them.
Your Skin Is Less Red And Flaky
The thick, scaly patches of skin so common with psoriasis are usually very red in color, and they may be covered with silvery, . One sign you may be headed for remission is an improvement in both the color and the flakiness of your skin. You might notice your skin is less dry, and that its less flaky than before.
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Adjusting Your Psoriasis Treatment Plan With Age
Many medications to treat psoriasis are considered safe as you get older, including corticosteroids, vitamin D analogues, tazarotene, acitretin, , methotrexate, and some biologics. Your doctor may be more cautious with topical steroids though, because both aging and topical steroids cause skin to thin. Let your doctor know if your skin appears more transparent or if it bruises easier, has purple spots, or has visible blood vessels.
Most important, make sure your dermatologist knows about every medication youre taking and any other diagnoses youve received. Some psoriasis medications arent safe for people with liver disease, kidney disease, or heart failure, all of which are more common in people over 65. Other medications, including biologics, may not be appropriate if you have certain infections, including hepatitis B, which is more common in older adults who were born before a hepatitis B vaccination existed.
Cancer is also more common with age. Its important to let your doctor know if youve been diagnosed with any kind of cancer. Your dermatologist needs to know, because it will affect treatments for psoriasis, says Unwala.
What Are The Types Of Psoriasis
Common types of psoriasis include:
Plaque psoriasis. This is the most common type of psoriasis. It causes plaques and silvery scales, usually on the knees, elbows, lower back, and scalp. They can be itchy and painful and may crack and bleed.
Guttate psoriasis. This type often shows up after an illness, especially strep throat. It causes small red spots, usually on the trunk, arms, and legs. Spots also can appear on the face, scalp, and ears.
Inverse psoriasis. This causes smooth, raw-looking patches of red skin that feel sore. The patches are in places where skin touches skin, such as the armpits, buttocks, upper eyelids, groin and genitals, or under a girl’s breasts.
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Psoriasis Is An Inflammatory Skin Condition Diagnosed By A Physician
It usually manifests as itchy, well-delineated, red, scaly plaques in locations across the body, most often the scalp, elbows and knees, Wang explains.
Patients are typically diagnosed with psoriasis in their 20s or later on in adulthood, usually based on a clinical examination and family history, and sometimes with a skin biopsy to confirm the diagnosis.
In addition, were finding psoriasis can be associated with a variety of other health problems, particularly when its more extensive, likely because there is inflammation beyond the skin, Wang says. For instance, patients are at risk for diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, fatty liver and cardiovascular disease. It also can be associated with arthritis, which often manifests with morning stiffness. Psoriatic arthritis can hinder peoples ability to do their normal activities.
What Are The Symptoms Of Psoriasis
- Psoriasis may not have any associated symptoms, but it can be itchy and painful. Certain sites such as the scalp, lower legs and groin can be particularly itchy. If psoriasis affects the hands and feet, painful fissures can develop and these can affect use of the hands and walking. Severe psoriasis on the body can also develop cracks which are painful and can bleed.
- Psoriasis can affect the nails and lifting away of the nail from the finger can be painful.
- Psoriatic arthritis produces pain, swelling and stiffness in one or more joints, particularly in the morning.
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> > > Best Psoriasis Cure Available
3. To help safeguard the skin, the immune system release chemicals that can cause nerves to itch and blood vessels to dilate to prepare the skin for a sudden rush of immune cells
4. When the immune cells arrive at the scene, most work to kill off the pathogens causing the distress, but a few capture some of the invaders and take them back to the heart of the immune system, where other soldier cells are produced in a way to recognize and attack the invading cells on contact
5. Inflammation is the bodys way of opening blood vessels to allow more soldier cells to rush to the battlefield.
While this entire process is completely normal, people with psoriasis tend to overproduce these soldier cells when the body feels threatened. This overabundance of killer immune cells can actually be dangerous to the skin since they begin to attack good cells along with the bad ones.
While it is great to finally understand the impact an improperly working immune system can have on your skin and cause psoriasis more research is needed to pinpoint the exact cause for the over-firing of the cell messages. Psoriasis Does It Go Away
How Common Is Psoriasis And Who Gets It
About 1 in 50 people develop psoriasis at some stage of their lives. Psoriasis is more common in white people. It can first develop at any age but it most commonly starts between the ages of 15 and 30 years.
About 3 in 10 people with psoriasis have a close relative with the same problem. Also, one large study found that smokers have an increased risk of developing psoriasis compared with non-smokers. One theory for this is that poisons in cigarette smoke may affect parts of the immune system involved with psoriasis.
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How Psoriasis Scars Form
Psoriasis itself doesnât cause scarring. But patches can be itchy, which may lead you to scratch them. The more you scratch, the more damage you do to your skin.
Once your psoriasis begins to resolve, it can leave behind dark or light spots. This is called either post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation or hypopigmentation. This happens because psoriasis causes your skin to produce more inflammatory chemicals, which affects how your body processes melanin, or pigment. Itâs more noticeable on dark skin.
When dark or light spots appear after your psoriasis patches disappear, donât assume your psoriasis treatments arenât working. They are. Itâs important you continue to use them, because if you donât get control over your psoriasis, you have a greater risk of scarring and discoloration.
Epidemiological Data From The Literature
The 16 selected papers encompassed data on a total of 4,853 psoriatic patients at the pediatric age, of whom 762 had nail involvement . In all published papers, the average observation period was extremely long, ranging from 1.5 to 30 years. Noteworthy are the huge discrepancies in nail psoriasis rates, ranging from 0.6 to 79% of the infants.
Prevalence of nail psoriasis in children based on previously published data
The prevalence of pediatric nail psoriasis in Caucasian patients was evaluated by selecting the papers coming from Europe, the US and Australia. A total of 343 pediatric patients out of 3,355 individuals affected by psoriasis had nail involvement. In the subgroup of European patients, a total of 165 patients out of 1,318 children with psoriasis were diagnosed with nail psoriasis. Considering the observation period, the average number of children diagnosed with nail psoriasis was 5.6/year.
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Why Do I Have Guttate Psoriasis
Like other types of psoriasis, no one knows for sure what causes guttate psoriasis. That said, the prevailing theories point to various triggers that kick your immune system into high gear and cause it to overreact.
One of the main culprits is strep throat, a bacterial infection. It may also be triggered by tonsilitis or respiratory infections.
Some believe that guttate psoriasis can be brought on by high levels of stress, hormonal disorders, certain drugs , skin injuries, and even excess alcohol consumption.
Whatever the cause, its important to know that psoriasis isnt contagious. But keep in mind that if its accompanied by a viral or bacterial infection, those definitely are contagious.
The Truth Behind Psoriasis
The first thing that should be understood about psoriasis is that this condition does not usually go away. This is one of the scariest aspects of this condition since it is a lifetime problem, which scares people when they hear this.
This chronic immune system related disease is associated with several types of symptoms, but they are all related to the skin. The tissues that make up the skin get damaged and inflamed. The inflamed skin, scales, or flakiness can cause some people to itch.
With this condition, premature skin cells are pushed toward the surface of the skin. The cells begin to accumulate on the outer layer of the skin. This happens prematurely since most of these skin cells have not matured by the time they reach the surface. What a person will see are skin plaques. The reason all this happens is because the bodys T lymphocyte cells are overactive, which causes the skin to come to the surface prematurely. This also leads to inflammation.
The most common areas that are affected by psoriasis are the scalp, elbows, lower back, knees, or even the palms of the hands. Some people have the issue primarily on the soles of their feet. In short, it can affect many areas depending on the type of psoriasis you have.
Still, all is not lost because, while psoriasis may never actually disappear, it can enter a state of remission.
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Managing Psoriasis And Hair Changes With Age
You may want to color your hair possibly for the first time as you notice your first grays. Be sure your psoriasis is under control before you hit the salon. In general, we recommend not doing any chemical procedures on your hair when you have active psoriasis, says Unwala.
If youre not currently experiencing a psoriasis flare, getting your hair colored is usually considered safe. Just be sure to tell your stylist if you feel burning or pain. Also try to avoid braids or extensions, which pull on hair and irritate the scalp. If hair is too tight, it can make psoriasis worse, because trauma worsens psoriasis, says Unwala.
How Can I Treat Psoriasis Naturally
Various medications and therapies are available that your doctor will prescribe. However, along with this, some natural foods and certain lifestyle changes can reduce the severity of psoriasis and delay its relapses. This will help treat psoriasis naturally and get rid of psoriasis symptoms faster than with medication alone.
- Eat lots of fruits and vegetables: It has been observed that eating habits influence skin health. Certain anti-inflammatory foods can slow down the inflammation in psoriasis and reduce its recurrence. These foods are usually rich in antioxidants like vitamin E, vitamin C, and selenium. These include:
- Fruits and veggies
- Fish rich in omega-3 fatty acids
- Herbs and spices
- Olive oil, seeds, and nuts
Avoid foods that can make psoriasis worse. These include:
Before going for the above dietary and lifestyle modifications, discuss with your doctor about which ones will work better for you.
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Psoriasiform Drug Eruption And Drug
âPsoriasiform drug eruptionâ is a broad term referring to a heterogeneous group of disorders that clinically and/or histologically simulate psoriasis at some point during the course of the disease. A psoriasiform eruption is used also to describe a histological reaction pattern, which exhibits presence of cellular infiltration, papillomatosis, and epidermal hyperplasia with elongation of rete ridges. Hypergranulosis and parakeratosis may also be observed in selected cases.â This type of eruption can also be seen with seborrheic dermatitis, pityriasis rubra pilaris, secondary syphilis, pityriasis rosea, mycosis fungoides, drugs, and some malignancies. These psoriasiform reactions are elicited by inflammatory events that cause dysregulation of cytokines, growth factors, and abnormal keratinocyte proliferation. Depending on the disorder, the lesions may vary in size, shape, extent and type of scaling, and anatomic distribution.
Is It Psoriasis Or Eczema
Like psoriasis, eczema is a very itchy skin condition. In fact, eczema usually results in a more intense itch than psoriasis. Scratching causes inflammation of the skin, leading to a worsening of the eczema. Scratching can also cause a secondary bacterial infection.
Eczema is not a specific disease, but rather a term referring to a group of rash-like conditions. The most common type of eczema is caused by a reaction to irritants, like detergents, soaps, or household cleansers.
Eczema often shows up on the back of the knees or the inside of the elbows.
Eczema can affect anyone and affects children more than psoriasis does.
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Research And Statistics: Who Has Psoriasis
According to the National Psoriasis Foundation, about 7.5 million people in the United States have psoriasis. Most are white, but the skin disease also affects Black, Latino, and Asian Americans as well as Native Americans and Pacific Islanders.
The disease occurs about equally among men and women. According to the National Institutes of Health , it is more common in adults, and you are at a greater risk if someone in your family has it. A study published in September 2016 in the journal PLoS One concluded that interactions between particular genes as well as genetic and environmental factors play an important role in the diseases development.
People with psoriasis generally see their first symptoms between ages 15 and 30, although developing the disease between 50 and 60 years of age is also common.
The biggest factor for determining prognosis is the amount of disease someone has, says Michael P. Heffernan, MD, a dermatologist at the San Luis Dermatology and Laser Clinic in San Luis Obispo, California.
Psoriasis And Quality Of Life
Doctors and people with psoriasis donât always agree on whatâs mild and whatâs serious. Psoriasis can affect self-image and make people self-conscious. This can even lead to depression and social isolation.
Only a frank discussion with your doctor about what living with psoriasis means to you will get these issues out in the open.
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What Treatments Are Available For Nail Psoriasis
There are many treatments for nail psoriasis. Your treatment plan may include one or more of the following.Treatment you apply to the nails: This can be helpful for mild or early nail psoriasis. Nails grow slowly, so youll need to apply these treatments for several months, often once or twice a day. Because nail psoriasis can be stubborn, you may need to use more than one treatment. Sometimes, two medicines are combined to give you a faster response.
Treatment that you apply to your nails includes the follow.
A potent or very potent corticosteroid: This can be helpful for most signs and symptoms of nail psoriasis. Its safe to use this medicine once or twice a day for up to nine months.
Calcipotriol: In one study, researchers found this to be as effective as a potent corticosteroid at treating the buildup beneath the nail.
Tazarotene: This treatment can be especially helpful for treating pitting, a separating nail, and discoloration.
If you need stronger treatment, your dermatologist may recommend treatment given in a dermatologist office or clinic. This treatment may include one of the following.
Psoriasis medicine that can help clear the skin and nails includes:
Your Treatment Stops Working
Everything was great at first. Your skin started clearing up. Then, weeks, months, even years later, symptoms returned. This is an all-too-common story with all types of psoriasis therapies.
With topical treatment, the body may develop a resistance to the medication over time.
With conventional systemic medications, as well as biologics, the body may produce ADAs that limit the drugs effectiveness after months, or even years, of treatment.
The reason that a drug stops being effective is not entirely understood. ADAs may not tell the whole story.
A 2013 study published in the British Journal of Dermatology only found a connection between ADAs and decreased treatment response in participants taking two of the four biologics studied.
Whatever the reason, when your treatment stops working, its time to consider switching. Some doctors recommend switching even before it stops working to avoid the return of symptoms.
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Traditional Treatment Cautions Does Guttate Psoriasis Go Away
You make an appointment to see your doctor because your psoriasis is flaring. He takes a look and then whips out his prescription pad to order one of the following:
. A prescription strength topical treatment
. oral and injection therapy
. over the counter drugs
Any of these treatments may work fine to relieve your symptoms and make you feel better for now. The trouble with conventional treatment methods is that they rarely work to cure the underlying cause of this skin condition and that can leave you suffering repeat attacks. Still it is important to know what helps are available, and how they may help or hurt your chance of treatment success.
Topical Ointments Does Guttate Psoriasis Go Away
Topical ointments are used at the first sign of psoriasis. If caught early enough they can sometimes stave off a full-blown attack. Unfortunately, most people report becoming immune to them when used often, which makes them useless for long term use. Still, using the occasional cream or gel can help relieve some of your symptoms. Steroids
Both topical and internal steroids can be prescribed to help ease psoriasis swelling inflammation and itching. Immunomodulators
An immune suppressing drug that was originally used to help transplant patients beat organ rejection, Cyclosporine helps to inhibit T lymphocyte production so that scaly plaque is unable to grow on the surface of the skin.
Oral Retinoid Does Guttate Psoriasis Go Away
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