The Characteristic Of Plaque Psoriasis And Psoriatic Arthritis
This is a retrospective study. In the present study, 746 plaque psoriasis patients and 109 PsA patients have been recruited. All data of patients, including demographic, nail symptoms, and scalp involvement in the plaque psoriasis and PsA group, are shown in Table 1. In addition, 584 plaque psoriasis patients and 105 PsA patients visiting Xiangya Hospital of Central South University have been recruited as external validation cohort 1, and 53 plaque psoriasis patients and 37 PsA patients visiting Dalian Dermatosis Hospital have been recruited as external validation cohort 2. The clinical characteristics of the external validation cohorts are summarized in Supplementary Table 1 and Supplementary Table 2.
Table 1 Differences between demographic and clinical characteristics of plaque psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis groups.
Table 2 The multivariate and univariate logistic regression analysis of psoriatic arthritis.
Find Comfort In Community
It would also be helpful to speak to people with the condition. Luckily, Health Union has a great psoriatic arthritis community which can really help with that. But, if you want more, there are lots of people on Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram who post about living with psoriatic arthritis and the daily challenges they face with the condition. It can be a real eye-opener reading their stories and seeing how psoriatic arthritis affects them.
While researching, try to keep an open mind. Comorbidities can affect people in different ways. You may have a severe version of psoriasis, but only develop a mild or moderate case of psoriatic arthritis. You may have a mild or moderate version of psoriasis, but develop severe symptoms of psoriatic arthritis.
As Ive said throughout this piece, there are plenty of medications available. Its important therefore to get a sense of perspective and try to persevere. You dont know what the future holds.
Validation Of The Psa Risk Nomogram
To validate the ability of PsA risk nomogram to separate patients with different outcomes, which is known as discrimination, calibration is assessed by reviewing the plot of predicted probabilities from the nomogram versus the actual probabilities . The calibration curve of the nomogram for the prediction of PsA risk in psoriasis patients showed good agreement . A nomograms predictive accuracy is measured via a concordance index . The C-index for the prediction nomogram was 0.759 and was determined to be 0.741 through bootstrapping validation. When tested, the C-index was determined to be 0.844 and 0.845 through external validation cohort 1 and external validation cohort 2, respectively, which indicated good discrimination of the prediction model. In addition, the AUC of this prediction model was 0.7578092 with sensitivity of 69.7% and specificity of 72.1%. In the external validation cohort, the AUC for the probability of PsA was 0.844 with sensitivity of 81.0% and specificity of 78.3% in external cohort 1 , and the AUC was 0.845 with sensitivity of 83.3% and specificity of 77.4% in external cohort 2 . The results showed that the PsA prediction model addressed an efficient predictive capability.
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Treatment For Psoriatic Arthritis
Treatment for psoriatic arthritis aims to:
- relieve symptoms
- slow the condition’s progression
- improve quality of life
This usually involves trying a number of different medicines, some of which can also treat the psoriasis. If possible, you should take 1 medicine to treat both your psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis.
The main medicines used to treat psoriatic arthritis are:
- non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
- biological therapies
How Is Psoriasis Diagnosed And Treated
Psoriasis often has a typical appearance that a primary care doctor can recognize, but it can be confused with other skin diseases , so a dermatologist is often the best doctor to diagnose it. The treatment of psoriasis usually depends on how much skin is affected, how bad the disease is , or the location . Treatments range from creams and ointments applied to the affected areas to ultraviolet light therapy to drugs . Many people who have psoriasis also have serious health conditions such as diabetes, heart disease, and depression. Some people with psoriasis also have an inflammatory condition which affects their joints, called psoriatic arthritis.
Psoriatic arthritis has many of the same symptoms as other types of arthritis, so a rheumatologist is often the best doctor to diagnose it. The treatment of psoriatic arthritis usually involves the use of drugs .
Psoriatic disease may be treated with drugs or a combination of drugs and creams or ointments.
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Summary Plaque Psoriasis Vs Psoriasis
Psoriasis is a chronic multisystem disease with skin and joint manifestations. Plaque psoriasis is the commonest form of psoriasis which is characterized by the appearance of reddish well-demarcated plaques with silver scales usually on the extensor surface of the knees and elbows. Accordingly plaque psoriasis is one manifestation of the broad spectrum of dermatological and systemic manifestations which are identified as psoriasis. This can be identified as the difference between plaque psoriasis and psoriasis.
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Psoriatic Arthritis Vs Rheumatoid Arthritis
Psoriatic arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are both inflammatory, autoimmune conditions. Their symptoms are similar, including joint stiffness, pain, inflammation, and exhaustion.
Because theyre both types of arthritis, many people arent sure about the differences and relationship between PsA and RA. As one MyPsoriasisTeam member asked, Is there a link between psoriasis and rheumatoid arthritis?
Ultimately, there are a few key similarities and differences between the causes, symptoms, and treatment of PsA and RA.
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Treatment Options For Both Psoriasis And Psa
Drugs to suppress immune system activity are among the most effective treatments for psoriasis and PsA.
Systemic, immune-suppressing drugs often provide relief for both conditions. However, your risk of secondary infections and other side effects is greater when using these drugs.
If you have severe psoriasis and are diagnosed with PsA, your doctor may prescribe the anti-inflammatory and immune-suppressant drug methotrexate . This medication aims to slow down the cells in your body that are reproducing too quickly and causing psoriasis flares.
Common side effects of methotrexate include:
- upset stomach
A newer class of drugs called biologics, in particular TNF blockers, targets specific parts of the immune system more precisely. Because of this, your doctor may be more likely to recommend them over methotrexate.
Biologics reduce inflammation and psoriasis outbreaks in most people who take them. There are a number of brands of biologics approved for treatment of psoriasis in the United States.
Biologics need to be injected. Some need to be administered more often than others. Common side effects include:
- allergic reaction
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Risk Factors And Etiology
Approximately one-third of patients with psoriasis have a first-degree relative with the condition. Research suggests a multifactorial mode of inheritance.2,3 Many stressful physiologic and psychological events and environmental factors are associated with the onset and worsening of the condition. Direct skin trauma can trigger psoriasis . Streptococcal throat infection may also trigger the condition or exacerbate existing psoriasis. Human immunodeficiency virus infection has not been shown to trigger psoriasis, but can exacerbate existing disease. As the infection progresses, psoriasis often worsens.1
Smoking increases the risk of psoriasis and its severity.1,4 Obesity and alcohol use and abuse are also associated with psoriasis.4,5 These associations may not be causative patients with psoriasis may be more susceptible to unhealthy behaviors.4
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Classification Of Psoriatic Arthritis
Psoriatic arthritis is a form of spondyloarthritis. Spondyloarthritis is an umbrella term used to describe a family of disorders, including ankylosing spondylitis, non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis, psoriatic arthritis, reactive arthritis, enteropathic arthritis and undifferentiated spondyloarthritis. These different forms of spondyloarthritis share several clinical features:
- Axial joint inflammation
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What Is Psoriatic Arthritis
Psoriatic arthritis is a form of arthritis that affects roughly 30% of people with psoriasis. The condition is characterized by joint inflammation.
Other symptoms can include:
- Inflamed, swollen and painful joints, usually in the fingers and toes
- Deformed joints from chronic inflammation
These symptoms closely mirror other types of arthritis. However, psoriatic arthritis is easier to diagnose if you already have psoriasis.
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Causes Of Psoriatic Arthritis
Almost 1 in 3 people with psoriasis also have psoriatic arthritis.
It tends to develop 5 to 10 years after psoriasis is diagnosed, although some people may have problems with their joints before they notice any skin-related symptoms.
Like psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis is thought to happen as a result of the immune system mistakenly attacking healthy tissue.
But it’s not clear why some people with psoriasis develop psoriatic arthritis and others do not.
Evaluation And Differential Diagnosis
Less common variants of psoriasis include inverse psoriasis, pustular psoriasis, guttate psoriasis, erythrodermic psoriasis, and annular psoriasis .6). These variants can be differentiated from the common plaque type by morphology. Differential diagnoses include atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, lichen planus, secondary syphilis, mycosis fungoides, tinea corporis, and pityriasis rosea . Careful observation often yields the diagnosis. For more atypical presentations, a skin biopsy might be helpful.
Differential diagnoses and distinguishing clinical features
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What Is The Difference Between Psoriasis And Plaque Psoriasis Topic Guide
Psoriatic arthritis is a specific autoimmune condition in which a person has both psoriasis and arthritis. Some psoriatic arthritis symptoms and signs include scaly red skin on certain areas of the body, nail changes, eye inflammation, iritis, and inflammation of the muscles and tendons where they connect to the bone. There are a variety of psoriatic arthritis types. The goal of psoriatic arthritis treatment medications and lifestyle changes is to control inflammation.
What Is The Difference Between Plaque Psoriasis And Psoriatic Arthritis
Psoriasis is an autoimmune disorder that manifests as a chronic skin condition. Psoriasis can lead to the development of plaques, which are patches of scaly, red or white skin. Many individuals with psoriasis are later diagnosed with psoriatic arthritis, which is a condition with similar causes that results in joint pain, stiffness and swelling..
Both plaque psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis develop as a result of an autoimmune disorder, which is when the immune system attacks the body, leading to inflammation and/or pain. While psoriasis and skin symptoms typically develop before psoriatic arthritis, there are some cases in which arthritis develops months or even years before skin symptoms appear. In addition to a link to the immune system, doctors believe there is a link between more severe cases of psoriasis and the development of psoriatic arthritis. Additionally, many people with psoriatic arthritis have a parent or sibling with the disease. It most commonly occurs in adults between the ages of 30 and 50.
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Efficacy Of Mtx In Psoriasis And Psa
To open the debate on MTX use, S.M. Grieb discussed personal experiences from the GRAPPA PRP. Prior to the 2019 GRAPPA annual meeting, PRP were asked to respond to questions regarding their personal experience using MTX. Of the PRP, 11 of 13 responded, with 10 sharing their experiences, and 1 indicating no MTX use. Of those with experience using MTX, the majority used the tablet form, sometimes as monotherapy and sometimes in conjunction with additional medicines. Only 3 PRP had experience with the injectable form. Most of the PRP indicated that MTX did little to help their disease. The benefits they experienced were largely in the skin, while there was only a limited effect reported on arthritis. For the 3 PRP who responded well to the medication, the effect on their health and well-being was great. One PRP stated, At first it was a revelation. Relatively quickly I was relieved of the feeling that I was moving my body through the weight of deep water, and movement became easier again, less painful. The psoriasis relief followed. However, for 2 of the 3 who found relief using MTX, it was unfortunately not sustained.
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Do Psa And Pso Have Overlapping Symptoms
As we briefly mentioned above, psoriatic arthritis causes joint pain, swelling, and stiffness , while psoriasis largely affects the skin by way of painful, scaly red or silver patches called plaques. Psoriatic arthritis often begins with stiffness at rest, meaning joints when you first wake up, says Adam Friedman, M.D., a board-certified dermatologist based in Washington, D.C. Lower back pain and heel pain can also be early signs.
As for psoriasis, the plaques can appear just about anywhere on the body, including the face, scalp, and genitalia, all of which can be especially debilitating. Other initial symptoms of psoriasis include small scaly spots of skin, itching, and red patches however, you should always go see your doctor instead of trying to diagnose yourself, as the aforementioned symptoms could be another skin condition, as well. Its also worth noting that psoriasis ranges in severity, with some people only having minor flare-ups every now and then, and others having acute cases that cover up to 50% or more of their body.
Speaking of severity, PsA symptoms can also range from mild to severe, with some folks only experiencing mild tension in their fingertips and/or spine, and others struggling with immense joint pain, swelling, and discomfort. Other symptoms that are often associated with psoriatic arthritis include inflammation in areas where tendons and ligaments attach to the bone, and eye inflammation.
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How Is Psoriatic Arthritis Diagnosed
Unfortunately, no single test can identify psoriatic arthritis. Its usually easier for a doctor to diagnose you if you have psoriasis, as the two diseases often tag team.
Whether or not your skin is involved, your doctor will consider several factors to make a diagnosis. These include:
- Physical exam.
- Medical history.
- X-rays of affected joints.
- Blood tests .
Occurrence In The United States
According to the National Psoriasis Foundation, psoriatic arthritis affects about 1 million people in the United States, or about 30% of all persons with psoriasis. However, prevalence rates vary widely among studies. In one population-based study, less than 10% of patients with psoriasis developed clinically recognized psoriatic arthritis during a 30-year period. A random telephone survey of 27,220 US residents found a 0.25% prevalence rate for psoriatic arthritis in the general population and an 11% prevalence rate in patients with psoriasis. However, the exact frequency of the disorder in patients with psoriasis remains uncertain, with the estimated rate ranging from 5-30%.
Moreover, since the late 20th century, the incidence of psoriatic arthritis appears to have been rising in both men and women. Reasons for the increase are unknown it may be related to a true change in incidence or to a greater overall awareness of the diagnosis by physicians.
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Are There Complications Of Psoriasis
In some people, psoriasis causes more than itchiness and red skin. It can lead to swollen joints and arthritis. If you have psoriasis, you may be at higher risk of:
- Use medicated shampoo for scales on your scalp.
Other steps you should take to stay as healthy as possible:
- Talk to your healthcare provider about lowering your risk for related conditions, such as heart disease, depression and diabetes.
- Lower your stress with meditation, exercise or seeing a mental health professional.
What Treatment Is Right For Me
The type of treatment will depend on how severe your symptoms are at the time of diagnosis with the goal being to control the disease to the point of remission and avoid complications. Medications may need to be changed over time to continue to maintain control and avoid disease progression and systemic effects. Some early indicators of more severe disease include onset at a young age, multiple joint involvement, and spinal involvement. Good control of the skin is important in the management of psoriatic arthritis. In many cases, you may be seen by two different types of healthcare providers, one in rheumatology and one in dermatology.
Early diagnosis and treatment can relieve pain and inflammation and help prevent progressive joint involvement and damage. Without treatment psoriatic arthritis can potentially be disabling, cause chronic pain, affect quality of life, and increase risk of heart disease. It is important to update your healthcare provider when you have a change in symptoms or if your medication regimen is no longer effective.
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Who Can Diagnose And Treat Psoriatic Arthritis
If you have painful, swollen joints and other symptoms, start with your primary care doctor, says Dr. Parody. They may refer you to a rheumatologist, who specializes in diagnosing and treating arthritis and other diseases that affect the joints, muscles and bones.
Some psoriatic arthritis treatments will also help calm skin symptoms. But if you have bothersome psoriasis symptoms, it can be helpful to see a dermatologist, too .
What Is Erythrodermic Psoriasis
Erythrodermic psoriasis is a rare form of psoriasis associated with extreme inflammation, itching and pain that affects most of the body. Other symptoms include large sheets of shedding skin , an increase in heart rate, swelling due to fluid retention and significant changes in your body temperature. Its important to seek immediate medical attention if youâre experiencing a flare-up of erythrodermic psoriasis as it can lead to pneumonia or heart failure if left untreated.6
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Psoriatic Arthritis Documentation Related Icd
According to the National Psoriasis Foundation, up to 30% of people with psoriasis develop psoriatic arthritis , an inflammatory form of arthritis. It can also occur in people without the skin symptoms of psoriasis. This chronic inflammatory arthritis associated with psoriasis can also be confused with osteoarthritis , the most common form of arthritis. This highly heterogeneous disorder can affect multiple different tissues, including the peripheral joints, skin, axial joints, enthesitis and dactylitis . As the condition is easy to confuse with other diseases, specialists in musculoskeletal disorders, and rheumatologists are more likely to make a proper diagnosis and advise patients about the best treatment options. Outsourcing medical billing tasks will help these specialists reduce documentation work and focus on patient care.
Typical symptoms are fatigue, nail changes and reduced range of motion of affected joints. PsA can affect any joint in any pattern, and may affect one joint at a time, to start with. Patients are also at the risk of developing further complications such as
- arthritis mutilans which destroys the small bones in the hands
- eye problems such as conjunctivitis, uveitis, and an increased risk of cataracts and glaucoma
- co-morbid conditions stroke, cardiovascular problems, depression, diabetes mellitus type 2, lymphoma, skin cancer, osteoporosis , and hearing loss
- L40 Psoriasis
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