Red Bumps On Lower Legs
Red bumps on lower legs might be as a consequence of having Dermatitis. Dermatitis is a skin condition that affects lower legs. It causes red bumps on legs, specifically between knees and feet.
Acute dermatitis usually appears as red blisters and inflammation on the skin. Chronic dermatitis is associated with itchy skin that causes irritation and it can tempt you to rub and scratch the affected area.
Types of dermatitis that can affect your lower legs include:
- Atopic dermatitis commonly occurs in children. It is a chronic condition that causes itchy skin and finally develops into red bumps on lower legs. Atopic dermatitis is also called
- Discoid eczema, cases scattered red bumps and patches on lower legs.
- Varicose dermatitis also known as gravitational dermatitis, it results from venous disorders.it results in red bumps on legs, especially lower legs.
- Contact dermatitis develop due to the presence of skin allergens like chemicals and poison.
- Lichen dermatitis is a chronic type of dermatitis that causes red bumps on the lower legs.
Other causes of red bumps on the lower legs can be outlined as follows:
Home Remedies For Red Bumps On Legs And Feet
Try the following home remedies for red bumps on legs and feet:
1. Baking soda
Baking soda can be used as a home remedy for mild red bumps that results suddenly on your skin due to effects of allergens, insects bites and other mild rashes on the skin. The reagent has anti-inflammatory properties that can ease the pain on your skin.
How to use it:
- Prepare a solution of baking soda by mixing one teaspoon of the reagent with one cup of water.
- Use a cotton ball to apply the solution on the affected skin on your legs and feet.
- Allow it to stay on your skin for few minutes.
- Rinse your skin with cold water.
- Repeat the treatment four times per day until you see an improvement on your skin.
2. Apple cider vinegar
You can use apple cider vinegar to remove red bumps on legs and feet caused by allergies, insect bites or stings, keratosis pilaris and other minor rashes on skin that can cause discomfort. Apple cider vinegar has antimicrobial properties that can help to heal inflammation caused by fungi and bacteria.
- Get a small amount of apple cider vinegar.
- Use a cotton ball to apply it on the affected area of your skin.
- Allow it to stay on your skin for 30 minutes.
- Rinse your skin with warm water.
- Repeat the treatment three times per day for the excellent result on your skin.
4. Aloe Vera
How to use:
5. Coconut oil
Seborrheic Dermatitis: Itchy Scaly Patches
A psoriasis skin rash tends to itch, burn, and feel sore. Patches of psoriasis commonly occur on your knees and elbows. Many people also have scalp psoriasis. The common skin rash seborrheic dermatitis also causes scaly, itchy skin patches. It can occur on your scalp, where it may be called dandruff, or on your face and chest. While doctors don’t know the exact cause of seborrhea, it occurs across the age spectrum, in babies as well as in adults, and is usually treated with creams and lotions.
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Ringworm: Fungal Infections Of The Skin And Nails
Tinea is a type of fungal infection that resembles some symptoms of psoriasis. Psoriasis can cause the thick fingernails symptomatic of fungal nail infections, and both can cause red, itchy skin rashes. When tinea grows on your skin, it can cause a scaly, red skin rash that clears in the middle, called ringworm . Fungal infections of the skin and nails can be hard to treat. Antifungal medications work, but you may need to take them for a long time.
Over The Counter Anti
This is one of the most important medication to treat red spot on your legs and even some other parts of your body if the cause is fungal infection. There are both topical and oral can help hasten the removal of the red rash on your legs. Results may be noted after a week or so of using antifungal creams or oral ones.
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Causes Of Purple Spots On Skin
Your skin can develop purple spots due to various causes. The causes of purpura spots on your skin are classified into two major categories depending on the level of blood platelet in your body. They include nonthrombocytopenic and thrombocytopenic.
Nonthrombocytopenic causes are those that lead to purples spots on your skin with a normal level of platelet count in your body. Thrombocytopenic causes are related to low count of blood platelet in the body.
What Are The Types Of Psoriasis
In children, common types of psoriasis include:
Plaque psoriasis. This is the most common type of psoriasis. It causes plaques and silvery scales, usually on the knees, elbows, lower back, and scalp. They can be itchy and painful and may crack and bleed.
Guttate psoriasis. This type often shows up after an illness, especially strep throat. It causes small red spots, usually on the trunk, arms, and legs. Spots also can appear on the face, scalp, and ears.
Inverse psoriasis. This causes smooth, raw-looking patches of red skin that feel sore. The patches develop in places where skin touches skin, such as the armpits, buttocks, upper eyelids, groin and genitals, or under a woman’s breasts.
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How Is Psoriasis Treated
Psoriasis is usually treated by a dermatologist . A rheumatologist may also help with treatment. Treatments can include:
- ultraviolet light from the sun or from home or office treatments. But in some children, sunlight can make psoriasis worse.
- creams, lotions, ointments, and shampoos such as moisturizers, corticosteroids, vitamin D creams, and shampoos made with salicylic acid or coal tar
- medicines taken by mouth or injected medicines
A doctor might try one therapy and then switch to another, or recommend combining treatments. It’s not always easy to find a therapy that works, and sometimes what works for a time stops helping after a while.
Dry Cracked Skin: Irritation That Can Lead To Infection
Dry, cracked skin is a psoriasis symptom. However, dry air can also cause your skin to become dry and itchy. When the skin is dry and irritated , it’s more likely to get infected. Infection may cause your skin to become red and swollen. If you have any skin rashes that keep coming back or won’t go away, see your doctor. Most cases of psoriasis can be diagnosed with a physical examination but because psoriasis can look like many other skin conditions, a skin biopsy may have to be done to definitively diagnose it.
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What Kind Of Doctor Treats Psoriasis
There are several types of doctors who may treat psoriasis. Dermatologists specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of skin disorders, including psoriasis. Rheumatologists specialize in the treatment of joint disorders, including psoriatic arthritis. Family physicians, internal medicine physicians, rheumatologists, dermatologists, and other medical doctors may all be involved in the care and treatment of patients with psoriasis.
Common Triggers Of Psoriasis On Legs
Treatment for psoriasis on legs varies. Its focused on keeping the symptoms at bay and preventing flare-ups.
Even for people who suffer from mild psoriasis on legs prevention is the key to an improved quality of life.
One of the most common ways to treat psoriasis on legs is to make a list of triggers. For that, patients have to monitor their behavior and keep a log of what they eat and do. This can help them figure out which actions lead to flare-ups.
The most common triggers for psoriasis on legs are:
· Skin injuries, such as cuts, sunburn, insect bites, and the like.
· Emotional stress
· Weather elements that lead to skin dryness
· Illness or infection
· Certain medication
When you speak to your doctor, its important to mention that you have psoriasis on legs. This can help set up the right treatment for other conditions without triggering psoriasis outbreaks.
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How Psoriasis Is Diagnosed
A GP can often diagnose psoriasis based on the appearance of your skin.
In rare cases, a small sample of skin called a biopsy will be sent to the laboratory for examination under a microscope.
You may be referred to a specialist in diagnosing and treating skin conditions if your doctor is uncertain about your diagnosis, or if your condition is severe.
If your doctor suspects you have psoriatic arthritis, which is sometimes a complication of psoriasis, you may be referred to a doctor who specialises in arthritis .
You may have blood tests to rule out other conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, and X-rays of the affected joints may be taken.
Red Bumps On Legs Feet Pictures Itchy Not Itchy Causes Get Rid Treatment & Home Remedies
Various conditions may lead to red bumps on legs or lower legs on back of legs. Similarly, the red bumps may appear on the feet, top or bottom or side of feet or on your toes. Occasionally, the bumps look like sores or blotches on your skin. These bumps may be itchy or not. Explore the possible causes of red bumps on legs and feet and learn how to get rid of them, including treatments and home remedies .
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Plaque Psoriasis And Its Reach: The Scalp And Beyond
According to the American Academy of Dermatology, at least 50 percent of people with plaque psoriasis will experience a bout of scalp psoriasis. Plaque psoriasis on the scalp may require different treatment than plaque psoriasis on other parts of the body.
Medicated ointments, shampoos, and careful removal of scales can help treat scalp psoriasis. Sometimes, systemic medications must be used to clear plaque psoriasis on the scalp.
Main Cytokines And Cell Types In Plaque Psoriasis
Disturbances in the innate and adaptive cutaneous immune responses are responsible for the development and sustainment of psoriatic inflammation . An activation of the innate immune system driven by endogenous danger signals and cytokines characteristically coexists with an autoinflammatory perpetuation in some patients, and T cell-driven autoimmune reactions in others. Thus, psoriasis shows traits of an autoimmune disease on an inflammatory background , with both mechanisms overlapping and even potentiating one another.
The main clinical findings in psoriasis are evident at the outermost layer of the skin, which is made up of keratinocytes. However, the development of the psoriatic plaque is not restricted to inflammation in the epidermal layer, but rather is shaped by the interaction of keratinocytes with many different cell types spanning the dermal layer of the skin. The pathogenesis of psoriasis can be conceptualized into an initiation phase possibly triggered by trauma , infection, or drugs and a maintenance phase characterized by a chronic clinical progression .
The pathogenesis of psoriasis.
The activation of the adaptive immune response via the distinct T cell subsets drives the maintenance phase of psoriatic inflammation . Th17 cytokines, namely IL-17, IL-21, and IL-22 activate keratinocyte proliferation in the epidermis.
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What Type Of Psoriasis Treatment Will I Need
Several treatment options can relieve psoriasis. Creams or ointments may be enough to improve the rash in small areas of skin. If the rash affects larger areas, or you also have joint pain, you may need other treatments. Joint pain may be a sign that you have arthritis.
Your provider will decide on a treatment plan based on:
- Severity of the rash.
- Vitamin A or retinoid creams.
Psoriasis On Legs: Symptoms Causes And Treatment
Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease which affects over 125 million people worldwide. The causes of psoriasis are unknown.
Its a chronic condition, which comes and goes randomly. However, its possible to identify the triggers in order to keep the problem at bay.
Psoriasis causes the skin cells to grow rapidly, resulting in scaling on the surface. Patching has a red and inflamed appearance. The patches are covered with white or silvery scales. When not cared for properly, these patches can crack and bleed.
Over the course of one month, the patches disappear. New ones can start growing at any time. Some people have to deal with psoriasis on a daily basis.
Psoriasis can appear on different parts of the body, including legs, hands, torso, neck, scalp, face, mouth, and genitals.
Legs are among the most popular psoriasis locations. Psoriasis on legs requires a special approach in order to improve the quality of a patients life.
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Things About Psoriasis And Its Complications
1. Psoriasis can progress to psoriatic arthritis
Left untreated, patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis could develop psoriatic arthritis , which affects up to 40% of patients. Similar to rheumatoid arthritis, PsA can cause pain, disability, and permanent joint deformities. Compared with patients with psoriasis who do not have PsA, patients with psoriasis and PsA have greater disease burdens and different treatment patterns. A 2015 study calculated the economic burden of psoriatic disease at up to $135 billion a year.
2. Psoriasis has been linked to some cancers
In particular, certain cancers may be a special concern. A recent meta-analysis found a number of site-specific cancers that seem to carry an elevated risk. Overall, in the 9 included studies of patients with severe disease, there was a significantly elevated risk ratio of 1.22 for all cancer types. By site, cancers that stood out as having particular risk for patients with severe disease include squamous cell carcinoma, lymphoma, and basal cell carcinoma.
3. Psoriasis is more than just itchy skinit carries risk for other diseases
More severe disease is also associated with more comorbidities. Patients with PsA may have more severe atherosclerotic disease as well as a higher risk of cardiovascular disease, endothelial dysfunction, metabolic syndrome, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, obesity, and diabetes.
4. More psoriasis research is needed
A Life With Psoriasis
Although psoriasis comes and goes over time, its a lifelong condition. A lack of public understanding about psoriasis causes many people with this condition to feel isolated and ostracized.
But most people with psoriasis lead fulfilling, active lives. Here are some tips you can try to avoid psoriasis triggers.
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Treatments Your Physician May Prescribe
There are many prescription-strength treatments that are helpful at controlling psoriasis. For mild or moderate cases, medicines applied directly to the skin may be prescribed:
- The mainstay of therapy for psoriasis is topical steroids, either in creams or ointment form. Higher-potency topical steroids are used for the body or scalp, and lower-potency topical steroids are best for the face and skinfold areas. Steroid solutions or liquids can be used on the scalp. Use should be limited to 14 weeks at a time because long-term use of steroids can lead to stretch marks and thinning of the skin.
- Calcipotriene is a vitamin D derivative cream that works as well as steroids, and it is even more effective when combined with topical steroids.
- Tazarotene is a vitamin A-based cream that may be prescribed. Women of childbearing age should be counseled to avoid pregnancy while using tazarotene because this treatment may cause birth defects.
- Topical immunosuppressants such as tacrolimus and pimecrolimus may also be used, but they can cause skin burning and itching and are expensive. These treatments may possibly increase your risk for skin cancer and lymphoma.
- Coal tar-based therapies and anthralin creams are sometimes used, but they are used less frequently than other treatments because they have an odor, cause skin irritation, and can stain clothing and because neither is any more effective than calcipotriene.
For more extensive psoriasis:
Psoriasis Up And Down The Legs
Psoriasis frequently occurs on the legs and knees. Although some psoriasis may cover significant portions of the legs, other types may appear in isolated patches.
The different types of psoriasis have different appearances.
For instance, guttate psoriasis on the legs would appear in many separate, drop-like, small red psoriasis patches. However, plaque psoriasis on the legs often appears in large, shapeless patches with thick red skin or thick white scales.
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Eczema Up And Down The Legs
Eczema on the legs may often occur in body creases, such as the back of the knee or the front of the ankle. These areas may trap sweat or irritants from clothing and the air.
Close contact of irritants with skin and areas of skin rubbing together create a perfect environment for atopic dermatitis to thrive.
If eczema on the backs of the knees isnt quickly or effectively treated, it can become very irritating and painful. Constant contact from clothing can cause significant bleeding, oozing, and infection.
Who Does It Affect
It affects men, women and children alike. It can appear at any age in varying degrees but usually between the ages of 10 and 30. The severity of the disease varies enormously, from a minute patch to large patches covering most body areas. Psoriasis can also run in familiesand it is known that the disease is multi-genetic and therefore children may not necessarily inherit psoriasis. It is estimated that if one parent has psoriasis then there is a 3 out of 20 chance that a child will develop the condition. If both parents have psoriasis this increases to about 15 out of 20 . Interestingly, if a child develops psoriasis and neither parent is affected there is a 1 out of 5 chance that a brother or sister will also get psoriasis. This is because the condition is known to skip generations, so somewhere there will be a familial link to a relative via one or both parents.
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