Tuesday, May 21, 2024

What Causes Psoriasis Skin Disease

The Immune System And Psoriasis

Psoriasis, Causes, Types, Sign and Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment.

It takes most people with healthy skin about a month for their bodies to produce new skin cells and shed old ones. But when you have psoriasis, your bodys skin cells go through an accelerated cycle.

Thats because people with psoriasis have an overactive immune system, which causes excess inflammation. This inflammation forces your body to produce new skin cells at a much faster rateabout a 4- to 5-day cycle. Thats roughly seven times faster than normal. Skin cells rapidly pile up and get pushed to the surface, as your body is unable to shed them quickly enough.

Those skin cells become the scales and plaques you see on your skinwhich can be silvery, red, itchy, flaky, raised, or inflamed. Thats how inflammation deep down in your body can contribute to symptoms all the way up to your skins surface.

DEFINED: Inflammation is the bodys natural defense system. In normal amounts, it helps your body heal. But too much and your body starts to attack healthy cells.

Are There Alternative Therapies For Psoriasis

Conventional therapy is one that has been tested with clinical trials or has other evidence of clinical effectiveness. The FDA has approved several drugs for the treatment of psoriasis as described above. Some patients look to alternative therapy, diet changes, supplements, or stress-reducing techniques to help reduce symptoms. For the most part, alternative therapies have not been tested with clinical trials, and the FDA has not approved dietary supplements for the treatment of psoriasis. There are no specific foods to eat or to avoid for patients with psoriasis. However, some other therapies can be found on the National Psoriasis Foundation website. Individuals should check with their doctors before starting any therapy.

How Many People Have Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a fairly common skin condition and is estimated to affect approximately 1%-3% of the U.S. population. It currently affects roughly 7.5 million to 8.5 million people in the U.S. It is seen worldwide in about 125 million people. Interestingly, African Americans have about half the rate of psoriasis as Caucasians.

Also Check: What Shampoo Can I Use For Psoriasis

What Are The Treatment Options For Plaque Psoriasis

Learning about these different options can help you partner with your doctor to find the right treatment for you. Common treatments for plaque psoriasis include:

  • Topicalscreams, ointments, foams, or gels that are applied directly to plaques
  • a form of light therapy in which UV rays shine directly onto your plaques
  • Systemic medicationstaken orally or by injection to work from inside the body, not just on the skin
  • Biologic medicationsgenerally taken by injection, they target certain parts of the immune system

Advice On Treatments Like Otcs

Symptoms of Psoriasis

img source: ajp.com.au

Here is what you need to strictly consider and do while using various treatments for penile psoriasis.

Recently I have been putting hydrocortisone cream 1% on it. It worked pretty well and it went away after about 5 days of use. Then about a few weeks later it came back in the same spot. Is it ok to use hydrocortisone cream on that same spot again or will my skin start to thin?

Read Also: Best Treatment For Psoriasis On Elbows

What About The Role Of Genetics

Psoriasis is not really a genetic disease. Although researchers have identified genes associated with the condition, there is no gene actually causing it directly.

Nevertheless, it is clear that genetics play their part. For instance, if a twin has psoriasis, the other one has a 70% chance to develop it as well, proving that the disease does have a genetic component, but not a direct one.

How Is Psoriasis Treated

While there is currently no cure for psoriasis, there are treatments that keep symptoms under control so that you can perform daily activities and sleep better. Your treatment may include:

  • Medications you put on your skinsuch as creams, ointments, lotions, foams, or solutionsor others that are injected or taken by mouth.
  • where your doctor shines an ultraviolet light on your skin in their office.

Recommended Reading: Makeup To Cover Psoriasis On Legs

Are There Other Symptoms Associated

Short answer: yes. Long answer: not really. Psoriasis is really characterized by its dermatological lesions and few symptoms are associated:

  • itching
  • swollen joints
  • thickened or cracked nails (especially in case of nail psoriasis

You should know these symptoms are not necessarily present in each patient. Actually, most patients suffer only from dermatological lesions.

What Is Scalp Psoriasis And What Causes It

Psoriasis Skin Disease – Features, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Psoriasis can appear on any part of the skin, even the scalp. With scalp psoriasis, scalp plaques produce excess scales and can cause your scalp to itch.

Symptoms of scalp psoriasis appear as the following:

  • A small bump, called a papule, with a scale on top.
  • The plaque typically is covered by thick layers of horny scale. When the scale sheds, it can look like dandruff.
  • Sometimes these plaques can itch.
  • Scratching these plaques can worsen the condition and lead to what’s called the Koebner phenomenon, or isomorphic response, which can cause psoriasis to develop in areas where there’s inflammation and trauma.

The causes of scalp psoriasis, like all psoriasis, is related to genetic defects that affect the immune system. It is not known if stress causes or makes psoriasis worse.

In some severe cases, scalp psoriasis can cause alopecia, or a loss of hair, which is rare and may be controlled with treatment. Scalp psoriasis can be treated with topical medications, which can sometimes be difficult to apply when the scalp is covered with enough hair that can create a barrier.

Read Also: Guttate Psoriasis How Long Does It Last

What Psoriasis Creams And Topical Agents Can I Use

Medications applied directly to the skin are the first line of treatment options for psoriasis.

The main topical treatments are:

  • corticosteroids,
  • anthralin, or
  • retinoids.

For more detailed information on each medication, see Understanding Psoriasis Medications. Generic drug names are listed below with examples of brands in parentheses.

Topical Medications

  • Corticosteroids: Topical corticosteroids are the mainstay of treatment in mild or limited psoriasis and come in a variety of forms. Foams and solutions are best for scalp psoriasis and other thickly hair-bearing areas, such as a hairy chest or hairy back. Creams are usually preferred by patients, but ointments are more potent than any other vehicles, even at the same percentage concentration.
  • Super potent topical corticosteroids such as clobetasol propionate and betamethasone dipropionate augmented are commonly prescribed corticosteroids for use on non-facial, non-intertriginous areas .
  • As the condition improves, one may be able to use potent steroids such as:
  • mometasone furoate or
  • halcinonide or
  • mid-potency steroids such as triamcinolone acetonide or betamethasone valerate . These creams or ointments are usually applied once or twice a day, but the dose depends on the severity of psoriasis as well as the location and thickness of the plaque.

What If Those Psoriasis Treatments Dont Work

If psoriasis doesnt improve, your healthcare provider may recommend these treatments:

  • Light therapy: UV light at specific wavelengths can decrease skin inflammation and help slow skin cell production.
  • PUVA: This treatment combines a medication called psoralen with exposure to a special form of UV light.
  • Methotrexate: Providers sometimes recommend this medication for severe cases. It may cause liver disease. If you take it, your provider will monitor you with blood tests. You may need periodic liver biopsies to check your liver health.
  • Retinoids: These vitamin A-related drugs can cause side effects, including birth defects.
  • Cyclosporine: This medicine can help severe psoriasis. But it may cause high blood pressure and kidney damage.
  • Immune therapies: Newer immune therapy medications work by blocking the bodys immune system so it cant jumpstart an autoimmune disease such as psoriasis.

Don’t Miss: Early Signs Of Scalp Psoriasis

Natural Ways To Prevent Psoriasis

Combining the natural ways together with medication may help in reducing or getting rid of psoriasis. But do consult with the doctors first before trying out any natural remedies in order to prevent any serious side effects.

Aloe Vera

Aloe vera can be used to reduce redness and scaling associated with psoriasis. Aloe Vera gel is extracted from the leaves of the aloe plant and has been used for centuries to treat a wide range of disease or discomfort. Aloe vera contains antibacterial, antimicrobial, immune system-boosting and wound healing properties which aid to prevent skin infections and promote healing.

Apple Cider Vinegar

Psoriasis skin is less acidic compared to normal skin. By applying diluted apple cider vinegar to the treated area, it could help in balancing the skins acidity level. Be cautious with the concentrations of vinegar as the vinegars acid can damage soft tissues which weaken the skins defence and cause burn if not diluted. Its also used to relieve scalp itch and irritation from psoriasis.


Regular uses of capsaicin ointment on psoriasis skin help in reducing inflammation, redness and scaling appearance. Capsaicin functions as a blockage for the nerve endings that transmit pain. Some burning sensation may be felt when the ointment is applied.

Dead Sea Salts


Oats are used either as oat paste or during bath which would relieve symptoms and sign of psoriasis including reduce itchy skin, redness and inflammation.

Tea tree oil


How Is Psoriasis Diagnosed


There arent any special tests to help doctors diagnose psoriasis. Typically, a dermatologist will examine your skin and ask about your family history.

Youll likely be given a diagnosis based on this physical exam.

In some situations, doctors will remove a small sample of the skin and examine it under a microscope. This might allow them to get a better look at the affected area and make a more accurate diagnosis.

Don’t Miss: Best Moisturizer For Scalp Psoriasis

Concern For Sexual Health Or Activities

When psoriasis affects the penis, it does not mean that if you have sex will pass it on to your partner.

However, penis psoriasis can interfere with your sexual life. Besides the likely emotional stress and lowered self-esteem, having sex with penile psoriasis can worsen symptoms or be the risk for flare-ups especially if you have mild presentations.

With or without protection, if you have been diagnosed with penile psoriasis, sexual intercourse can be the least if you want to increase your chances of living a better life without many frustrations.

What Psoriasis Treatments Are Available

Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition that may worsen and improve in cycles. Any approach to the treatment of this disease must be considered for the long term. Treatment regimens must be individualized according to age, sex, occupation, personal motivation, other health conditions, and available economic resources.

Disease severity is defined by the thickness and extent of plaques present as well as the patient’s perception and acceptance of the disease. Treatment must be designed with the patient’s specific expectations in mind, rather than focusing only on the extent of body surface area involved.

Many treatments exist for psoriasis. However, the construction of an effective therapeutic regimen is not necessarily complicated.

There are three basic types of treatments for psoriasis:

  • Laser therapy : A laser that produces UV-B light in the same wavelength as full-body phototherapy units can target smaller areas of psoriasis without affecting the surrounding skin. Because the light treats only the psoriasis plaques, a strong dose of light can be used, which may be useful to treat a stubborn plaque of psoriases, such as on the scalp, feet, or hands. This is an impractical treatment for psoriasis that covers a large area and, like other forms of phototherapy, requires regular visits over several months.
  • You May Like: Light Therapy At Home For Psoriasis

    The Real Cause Of Psoriasis

    Plaque psoriasis is the most common form and appears as elevated plaques of red skin covered with silvery scale that may itch or burn. The involved areas for.

    Diagnosis is typically based on the signs and symptoms. There is no known cure for psoriasis, but various treatments can help control the symptoms.

    May 1, 2013.

    More severe psoriasis may be treated with phototherapy,

    This may be genuine tolerance to treatment or the result of low adherence.16.

    Psoriasis is a serious, chronic inflammatory disease that causes raised, red, scaly patches to appear on the skin, typically affecting the outside of the elbows, knees or scalp, though it can.

    With the FDA commencing a review of our NDA filing, we move one step closer to potentially providing a new topical treatment to the millions of Americans living with plaque psoriasis who have.

    May 20, 2020 · Certain sleep conditions cause hallucinations. Theyre typically visual hallucinations that happen as youre falling asleep or waking up. Theyre a lot like dreams, but they seem more real.

    Inflammation in the body causes a buildup of skin cells, resulting in raised, red, scaly, and sometimes itchy patches on the skin. These plaques.

    The report highlights that much of the suffering caused by this common and complex disease can be avoided. Improving access to early diagnosis and appropriate.

    The immune system is your body’s defence against disease and infection, but for people with psoriasis, it attacks healthy skin cells by.

    Causes Care Tips Remedies And Treating Penile Psoriasis

    What Causes Psoriasis?

    Penis psoriasis falls into the genital psoriasis category where the skin of the pubic area including the penis shaft, glans and the corona in males. The folds in the skin around the scrotum may also be affected.

    In general, psoriasis is a skin condition often presented with chronic symptoms. In other words, sufferers often experience long-term symptoms and signs.

    Also Check: Best Cream Psoriasis Over Counter

    When To Seek Medical Care

    img source: medium.com

    First, if the symptoms do not improve after applying creams or remedies seek a health professionals care and attention.

    Second, you will have an opportunity to get more information and discuss in detail on certain treatments for special cases and helpful therapies for young babies, for instance.

    Above all, you should aim at making regular visits to your healthcare provider. This could be beneficial to help address the possible complications and possible life challenges that may come with psoriasis.

    Inflammation And Psoriasis: Making The Connection

    The immune system and inflammation play a role in psoriasis. Heres how theyre believed to be connected.

    Think of the immune system as your bodys alarm system. When you get a cold, infection, or scrape on your knee, your immune system sends out signals that trigger inflammation in an effort to defend itself.

    When you have psoriasis, your immune system is out of balance. In fact, its in overdrive. An overactive immune system can send faulty signals and mistake healthy cells for harmful ones. This results in too much inflammation. For psoriasis patients, this means the body rapidly produces more skin cells than necessary.

    Luckily, some treatment options can reduce inflammation, which may help the immune system and help to slow the rapid production of skin cells.

    Talk to a dermatologist to learn more about treatment options that may work for you.

    How satisfied are you with your current treatment?

    Im looking for better results

    Im not currently treating

    Thanks for answering!

    Its important to work with a dermatologist when choosing a psoriasis treatment. Learn how to start that conversation.

    Recommended Reading: Why Is My Psoriasis Suddenly Spreading

    Apple Cider Vinegar + Baking Soda

    img source: mysimpleremedies.com

    Though infections are rarely expected with mild penis psoriasis, diluted apple cider vinegar is safer to use on the genitals.

    Prepare some warm water if you have undiluted cider vinegar.

    • Add 1 -2 tablespoonsful fresh cider vinegar to 1 tsp. baking soda
    • Use a small cotton ball and apply gently
    • Leave it on for a few moments

    You can make use of this remedy after you wake up or before going to bed. If you use this in the morning or when there is cold, ensure you warm your mixture.

    Taking Care Of Your Skin

    What is Psoriasis? (with pictures)

    Injuries to the skin, such as sunburns and scrapes, can trigger psoriasis in some people. These types of injuries can usually be prevented by practicing good skin care.

    When doing activities that may cause skin injury, you should always take extra precautions. Use sunscreen and wear a hat when spending time outside. You should also use caution when engaging in outdoor activities and contact sports, such as basketball or football.

    You May Like: Over The Counter Products For Scalp Psoriasis

    Can A Diet Cure Psoriasis Naturally

    • Avoiding environmental factors that trigger psoriasis, such as smoking, and stress may help prevent or minimize flare-ups of psoriasis. Sun exposure may help in many cases of psoriasis and aggravate it in others.
    • Alcohol is considered a risk factor for psoriasis, even moderate amounts of beer. People should minimize alcohol use if they have psoriasis. This is especially important if they are taking medications such as methotrexate or acitretin.
    • Specific dietary restrictions or supplements other than a well-balanced and adequate diet are not important in the management of plaque psoriasis.
    • Recently, some data has supported that an “anti-inflammatory” diet that is high in fruits and vegetables and low in saturated and trans fats may help manage psoriasis, although the value in preventing its onset is less certain.

    What Else Should I Ask My Healthcare Provider

    If you have psoriasis, ask your healthcare provider:

    • How can I prevent outbreaks and control symptoms?
    • What medication will work best for me?
    • What else should I do to improve symptoms?
    • What are my options if creams dont work?
    • Will psoriasis ever go away?

    A note from Cleveland Clinic

    Psoriasis, an itchy skin condition, can come and go throughout your life. Its related to an overactive immune response and is not contagious. If you have skin changes that arent going away, talk to your healthcare provider. There is no cure for psoriasis, but psoriasis treatments can improve symptoms. Your provider may prescribe a special cream or moisturizer or medications. Other therapies are available if creams or medicines dont work. Maintaining your overall health will also help improve symptoms.

    Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 10/17/2020.


    Also Check: Psoriasis On Top Of Foot

    Different Types Of Psoriasis

    The most common form of the disease is plaque psoriasis, by far: up to 90% of patients are diagnosed with this type.

    But there are other types of psoriasis:

    • Pustular psoriasis: patients develop pustules , filled with non-infectious liquid
    • Inverse psoriasis: typically affects skin folds like around the genitals, the armpits or under the breasts
    • Napkin psoriasis: common in infants, it causes scaling in the diaper area
    • Guttate psoriasis: small droplet-like spots appear on the body
    • Erythrodermic psoriasis: widespread inflammation and scaling this form of the disease often affects over 90% of the body
    • Mouth psoriasis: although very rare, psoriasis can affect the mouth, appearing as grey or yellowish plaques
    • Nail psoriasis: rarely found separately, this form of the disease specifically targets nails, which become harder than usual and can therefore crack, break or even separate from the nail bed

    Popular Articles
    Related news