Can Eczema Cause Hypopigmentation
Eczema is also associated with hypopigmentation. Typically, this discolouration manifests with chronic eczema. It manifests as light patches on normal skin.
In dark skins, hypopigmentation is more pronounced than in people with light and brown skin. These patches usually affect sun-exposed areas of your face, as well as the head, upper back and trunk.
Psoriasis Of The Face
Facial psoriasis typically appears on the eyebrows, on the skin between the nose and upper lip, or across the upper forehead or hairline. The skin on your face is thinner, so its important to use the right treatment. Your doctor may prescribe a low-potency corticosteroid cream, ointment, or spray to reduce redness and swelling. However, using this for longer than a few weeks at a time may result in thin or shiny skin, increased sensitivity, or susceptibility to bruising.
What Is The Outlook For Someone With Discolored Skin Patches
Many skin changes are harmless. Some causes for discolored skin patches are fairly minor conditions that need only simple treatment. Other causes may be more severe and require ongoing treatment. Skin cancer is very serious, but it can be treated successfully when it is detected early. Its important to speak with your healthcare provider if you notice rapid or bothersome changes in your skin.
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Ringworm: Fungal Infections Of The Skin And Nails
Tinea is a type of fungal infection that resembles some symptoms of psoriasis. Psoriasis can cause the thick fingernails symptomatic of fungal nail infections, and both can cause red, itchy skin rashes. When tinea grows on your skin, it can cause a scaly, red skin rash that clears in the middle, called ringworm . Fungal infections of the skin and nails can be hard to treat. Antifungal medications work, but you may need to take them for a long time.
When To See A Doctor
Nail psoriasis is not contagious, and treatment can reduce or help control the symptoms.
If the nails show symptoms of psoriasis or a fungal infection, see a doctor. This is especially important for people who already have a type of psoriasis.
A person may have to try several treatments before finding one that works.
Symptoms can take time to improve, and they may take up to a year to clear. One reason for this is that the nail plate grows very slowly. The symptoms may also return at a later date.
With new drugs appearing on the market, more effective treatments for nail psoriasis may be on the horizon.
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For Best Results From Treatment
Treating nail psoriasis can be a challenge. It often takes time to treat. To get results, you need to treat your nails as directed and for as long as directed. Some patients need to try a few treatments to find one that works.
The right nail care can help you get the best results from treatment. Youll find out what dermatologists recommend at: 7 easy-to-follow nail care tips that can reduce nail psoriasis
ImagesImages used with permission of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. J Am Acad Dermatol 2013 69:249.
ReferencesCrowley JJ, Weinberg JM, et al. Treatment of nail psoriasis: Best practice recommendations from the Medical Board of the National Psoriasis Foundation. JAMA Dermatol. 2015 Jan 151:87-94.Dogra A, Arora AK. Nail psoriasis: The journey so far. Indian J Dermatol. 2014 Jul 59:319-33.Lin YK, Chang YC, et al. A Chinese herb, indigo naturalis, extracted in oil used topically to treat psoriatic nails: A randomized clinical trial. JAMA Dermatol. 2015 Jun 151:672-4.Manhart R, Rich P. Nail psoriasis. Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2015 Sep-Oct 33:7-13.van der Velden HMJ, Klaassen KMG, et al. Fingernail psoriasis reconsidered: A case-control study. J Am Acad Dermatol 2013 Aug 69:245-52.
All content solely developed by the American Academy of Dermatology
The American Academy of Dermatology gratefully acknowledges the support from Amgen and .
Psoriasis Of The Arms
Plaque psoriasis is the most common type of psoriasis. The U.S. National Library of Medicine estimates that it affects about 80 percent of people with psoriasis. It often appears on the arms and/or elbows. It presents as thick, slightly raised, clearly defined areas of skin with a white or silver layer of scales. In most cases, patches are one to 10 centimeters wide, but they can be larger. Its important to keep affected areas well moisturized to reduce dryness and irritation.
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Can Diet Affect My Psoriasis
A healthy diet is important for wellbeing and can reduce your risk of many long-term illnesses. However, there is no clear link between what you eat and the severity of psoriasis symptoms.
- The British Nutrition Foundation suggests eating at least 300g of oily fish per week for general health .
- Aim to eat more green leafy vegetables, nuts, seeds and wholegrain cereals, which also contain important essential fatty acids.
- Cut back on saturated fats and vegetable oils and use more olive oil and rapeseed oil products.
- Eat fresh, homemade foods rather than pre-packaged convenience food.
- Excessive amounts of alcohol can make psoriasis worse and can also interfere with certain drug medications, for example methotrexate.
Is Psoriasis The Same As Eczema
Psoriasis and eczema are two different skin conditions. They differ in where the disease appears on the body, how much it itches and how it looks. Eczema tends to appear more often behind the knees and inside the elbows. Eczema also causes more intense itching than psoriasis. Many people, especially children, can get both eczema and psoriasis.
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How Can Psoriasis Be Treated
Treatment of psoriasis depends upon your individual circumstances. Treatment applied to the surface of your skin is sufficient alone in most patients. For people with more extensive or difficult to treat psoriasis, ultraviolet light treatment , tablet treatment or injection treatment may be required.
What Cant I Eat Or Drink With Breast Eczema
The connection between breast eczema and food/drink allergies is unclear. If you have food allergies, then one of the reasons why you must avoid those foods is that they may cause or worsen your breast eczema. Examples of common allergies include peanuts, dairy, eggs, sugar, alcohol and gluten. Pay attention to what you eat. If your breast eczema flares up after you eat a particular food, then you might be allergic to it.
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When Psoriatic Disease Strikes The Hands And Feet
We take many common movements and activities for granted â until they become difficult or impossible to do. Get a grip on whatâs happening.
Our hands and feet are ultra-sensitive. Sensory neurons, which trigger pain sensations in the brain, cluster at the fingertips. The complex anatomical structure of hands and feet â with many joints, tendons and ligaments packed tightly together â gives us an acute sense of touch and lets us do precision movements. Our hands, particularly when used for communication through gesture, draw attention.Our feet are so important for our balance and mobility.
Thatâs why psoriatic disease, when it strikes the hands and feet, has an outsize effect. The symptoms can be more intense and more upsetting. Fingernail psoriasis, for instance, is often immediately noticeable and can make something as basic as a handshake feel uncomfortable. Pain and other symptoms of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis in the hands and feet can make other routine tasks hard to accomplish.
Gary Bixby, who lost all his fingernails and toenails to severe psoriasis , says psoriatic nail disease makes it painful to chop fuel for his wood-burning stove, a frustrating problem during winters at his home in Blair, Wisconsin.
âIt was affecting more fingernails, then my toenails and large areas on my arms, legs and trunk,â says Bixby. âThatâs when I went to a podiatrist, who thought I had psoriasis, and then to a dermatologist, who confirmed it.”
Generalised Pustular Psoriasis Or Von Zumbusch Psoriasis
This causes pustules that develop very quickly on a wide area of skin. The pus consists of white blood cells and is not a sign of infection.
The pustules may reappear every few days or weeks in cycles. During the start of these cycles, von Zumbusch psoriasis can cause fever, chills, weight loss and fatigue.
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Appearance Of Psoriasis On The Legs
Plaque psoriasis develops as flushed, inflamed skin and silvery plaques on light skin tones. On dark skin tones, psoriasis plaques may appear more purple or grey-colored. Patches of inflammation can be darker brown than the surrounding skin.
Healing psoriasis can cause areas of discoloration, which take 312 months to fade. Scratching plaques or picking them off can cause scarring.
Physicians may use a skin biopsy to help diagnose the condition if the appearance is not typical of the disease.
Leg psoriasis can have a variety of triggers, which may also cause a repeat of the symptoms, also known as a flare. Causes and triggers may involve:
- Family history: Many people with psoriasis have a near relative who has developed the disease.
- Stress: Managing stress levels can help people with psoriasis.
- Injury: An injury to the skin can trigger a psoriasis flare. This can include bug bites or even damage from scratching.
- Illness: This can include streptococcal throat infection, bronchitis, earache or other infections.
- Alcohol use: More than two alcoholic drinks a day could reduce the effect of treatment for psoriasis.
- Weather: Some people feel that very hot or very cold weather can trigger psoriasis.
Psoriasis Of The Eyelids
If you have psoriasis on your eyelids, the scales may cover the eyelashes, the edges of the lids may get red and crusty, and the rims may turn up or down if theyre inflamed for a long time. The skin on and around the eyelids is extremely delicate. Great care must be taken when treating psoriasis on this body part. Treatment options include special corticosteroids and the common eczema drugs Elidel , or Protopic .
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Mild To Moderate Cases
Mild to moderate palmoplantar psoriasis may be treated with topical treatments, including:
- Emollient moisturizers: Apply thinly and frequently to treat dry, itchy, flaky skin and help prevent cracking.
- Salicylic acid: This keratolytic agent, available in lotions, soaps, foot balms, and shampoos, promotes the shedding of scales and reduces thickened plaques.
- Coal tar: Lotions, creams, and shampoos with this ingredient can reduce inflammation and slow skin growth.
- Anti-itch creams, containing ingredients like camphor, menthol, or benzocaine
- Calcipotriene: A vitamin D derivative, this appears to slow the hyperproduction of skin cells and reduce inflammation.
- Topical corticosteroids: Apply sparingly to temper local inflammation and reduce the size and appearance of plaques.
To improve absorption, a technique called occlusion may be used in which the hands or feet are covered with cling film, plastic gloves, or a plastic bag for several hours or overnight.
Speak with your healthcare provider about the appropriate use of occlusion to prevent skin irritation or the supersaturation of the skin .
A topical drug sometimes used to treat psoriasis, called anthralin, is not very successful for palmoplantar psoriasis. Anthralin is messy and impractical, requiring prolonged treatments, and may further dry and irritate delicate skin.
Psoriasis On The Toenails
The toenails are actually part of the skin. They grow out of the nail plate, which is directly under the cuticle. Because of abnormal growth in the nail plate, psoriasis may affect your toenails.
Toenails that are affected by psoriasis may look thick and ridged. They may lift from the nail bed, develop discoloration, or become pitted over time. Once the nail has grown, it cannot be altered unless it is cut or filed. Treating psoriasis on the toenails usually means treating the skin around the nail, including the nail bed, the cuticle, and the nail folds around the edges of the nail. Nails are difficult to treat but some of the newer biologics have greater success.
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Psoriasis On Feet: Symptoms Causes And Treatments
Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease in which skin cells grow and build up faster than normal. Some people with psoriasis develop symptoms on their feet. Itching, rashes, and dry, thick skin can be particularly bothersome on the feet and make walking or standing uncomfortable.
If you think you have psoriasis on your feet, its important to get the right diagnosis and work with your dermatologist to find the best treatment for your skin.
Ways To Treat Psoriasis At Home
Even though it affects your skin, psoriasis actually begins deep inside your body in your immune system.
It comes from your T cells, a type of white blood cell. T cells are designed to protect the body from infection and disease. When these cells mistakenly become active and set off other immune responses, it can lead to psoriasis symptoms.
Even though theres no cure, many treatments exist to ease the symptoms of psoriasis. Here are 12 ways to manage mild symptoms at home.
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Plaque Psoriasis: Red Bumps And Silvery Scales
Plaque psoriasis is the most common form of the chronic skin condition, affecting about 80 percent of people with psoriasis. Usually starting as small red bumps on the skin, plaque psoriasis develops into red patches with a silvery, scaly coating these raised patches are called plaques. Plaques usually show up on elbows, knees, and the lower back, and they can last for months or even years without treatment.
How To Treat Dark Spots Caused By A Skin Care Product
When a skin or hair care product irritates your skin, the product can cause dark spots on your skin.
If youre seeing dark spots, try using gentler products. Theyre less likely to irritate your skin.
Products that are gentle on the skin are often labeled for sensitive skin. You may also see fragrance-free on the label.
When your skin in no longer irritated, new dark spots tend to stop appearing and existing spots often clear on their own over time.
Could a medication be causing your dark spots?
Dont stop taking it. That could make you very sick. Ask the doctor who prescribed the medication if discolored skin is a possible side effect. If it is, ask if you could switch to another medication.
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How Can Plaque Psoriasis On The Lower Back Be Treated
There are generally three different types of treatments that are used by people with plaque psoriasis on the lower back3. Topical treatments are applied directly to the areas of skin that are affected by psoriasis. These treatments area available in many different forms such as creams, gels, ointments, oils, or foams.
Topicals are usually the first treatment people with mild psoriasis will try in order to help relieve their symptoms. Some common types of over-the-counter topical treatments include coal tar and salicylic acid formulas. Coal tar helps to reduce the growth of excess skins cells that causes the plaques to form, while salicylic acid works by helping to smooth and thin the affected skin by lifting some of the scales off of the area.
Other types of topical treatments are only available with a prescription from a healthcare provider. This is because they are very strong, so they need to be used with caution and exactly as directed. These include:
Confidence In Social Situations
There is no denying that palmoplantar psoriasis can have an emotional impact, particularly in work or social situations. With hand psoriasis, you may feel self-conscious or embarrassed, say, when shaking hands or when around people who aren’t able to hide their uncertainty about your very visible condition. The same can be said if you have psoriasis on your feet, which may prompt you to avoid footwear like sandals and open-toe shoes.
What steps you take, if any, to hide your palmoplantar psoriasis is up to you. If you feel stress in social situations because of your lesions, it may help to remember that showing confidence and not drawing attention to your skin usually means others with follow suit. For example, try to look people directly in the eye rather than staring at your hands. If you feel comfortable doing so, you might also choose to educate others about your condition. While you may focus on it, most people may not even notice your condition if your skin is properly moisturized.
Remember: You have psoriasis, but it doesn’t define you.
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Main Symptoms Of Psoriasis
Psoriasis typically causes patches of skin that are dry, red and covered in silver scales. Some people find their psoriasis causes itching or soreness.
There are several different types of psoriasis. Many people have only 1 form at a time, although 2 different types can occur together. One form may change into another or become more severe.
Most cases of psoriasis go through cycles, causing problems for a few weeks or months before easing or stopping.
You should see a GP if you think you may have psoriasis.
Medications That Treat Your Skin
Here are some common ways to treat psoriasis on the hands and feet and relieve your symptoms.
In addition to moisturizers, mild soaps, and soap substitutes, your doctor may recommend:
- Coal tar products, like creams, gels, or ointments, to slow skin growth and ease itchy, inflamed, or scaly skin
- Salicylic acid, a peeling agent that softens or reduces thick scales
- Corticosteroids, often creams and ointments
Combinations of these often work better than one treatment alone. Sometimes doctors suggest alternating or using topical corticosteroids with a type of vitamin D called calcipotriene. This medicine should not be used on the face, so be sure to wear gloves when applying to your hands and feet in order to avoid getting it on your face later.
Your doctor might have you use a corticosteroid under a type of dressing called hydrocolloid occlusion. This filmy layer bonds to the cream, helps keep skin moist, and can be worn for several days. Wetting your skin, rubbing on a corticosteroid cream and sealing it in with plastic wrap overnight also is helpful.
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